Seminar Notes

The one whom you obey is the one you serve


Sourdough Slim belted out a yodel when he read this.

There are seven appointed times observed during the yearly cycle:

1.   Passover

2.   Feast of Unleavened Bread

3.   Bikkurim - First Fruits

4.   Shabuoth (weeks)/Pentecost (count 50)

5.   The Feast of Trumpets

6.   The Day of Atonement

7.   The Feast of Tabernacles, Sukkoth

Pesak  Hebrew: passover


“Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness.”  1 Yahukanon / John 3:4

Sin is an offense against love in one sense, because the Covenant of love instructs us in HOW to love.

The Covenant    (BRITH)  Ex 20:1-17


Yahuah’s Covenant, our wedding vows:  

“And Alahim spoke all these Words:

1.  ‘I am Yahuah your Alahim, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

You shall have no other Alahim before My face.


2. You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the Earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them;  for I, Yahuah your Alahim, am a jealous Alahim, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand [ generations] of those who love Me and keep My commandments.

3. You shall not cast the Name of Yahuah your Alahim to ruin, for Yahuah will not hold anyone guiltless who casts His Name to ruin.

4. Remember the Shabath day by keeping it qodesh. 

Six days you shall labor and do all your work,  but the seventh day is a Shabath to Yahuah your Alahim.

On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates.  For in six days Yahuah made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and He rested on the seventh day.

Therefore Yahuah blessed the Shabath day and made it qodesh.

5. Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land Yahuah your Alahim is giving you.

6. You shall not murder.

7. You shall not adulterate.

8. You shall not steal.

9. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

10. You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that bAlongs to your neighbor.”  (neigh-bor: one nearby)

Yahukanon / John 3:14-15:

“Just as Mosheh lifted up the serpent in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes in Him may have eternal life.”

Lintel, doorposts  -  Lamb’s blood on wood a sign to us

Passover: Pesak  meaning: pass, skip over

Pascha  -  Greek transliteration 

(mistranslated as “EASTER” in KJV at Acts 12:4)  

Paul told us to keep the festival (referring to Pesak / Matsah) a span of days encompassing both Passover and Unleavened Bread. Many times the term Passover is used to refer to the whole period.

1 Cor 5:6-8

“Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast-  as you really are.  For Mashiak, our Passover Lamb, has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with bread without yeast, the bread of sincerity and truth.”

WHO:  Yisharal . . . no foreigner

You must be in a Covenant relationship to partake.  Passover is about judgment not falling upon those who hear and obey Yahuah’s Word (Torah instructions).


10th day: lamb penned until 14th (fulfilled when Yahusha rode into Yerushaliyim on a donkey on 10th day of moon)

14th day: Yisharalites slaughtered lamb, Yahuah saw blood on doorposts as He passed through on the 15th at midnight: His judgment “passed over” those households.

Egyptians afraid and screaming; gave gold, silver, clothing (Ex. 12)

Yisharal departs, redeemed from slavery

Yahukanon/John 5:24:

“Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.”

Our household, Yisharal, is spared judgment, passed-over. The judgment of Yahuah Fell on Egypt at the first Passover.  It is a remembrance of deliverance:

Ex/Shemoth 12:27

“... You shall say, "It is a Passover slaughtering to Yahuah who passed over the houses of the sons of Yisharal in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our households."

The lamb is selected on the 10th day of the first moon, and Yahusha entered Yerushalyim on a donkey on this day:


The Lamb of Yahuah is our Redeemer

Ayub / Job 19:25-27:

“I know that my Redeemer  lives, and that in the end He will stand upon the earth. 

And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see (Alahim);

I myself will see Him with my own eyes-  I, and not another. How my heart yearns within me!”

Prov 12:15:

“The way (walk) of a fool seems right to him,

but a wise man listens to advice.”


Prov 14:12:

“There is a way (walk) that seems right to a man,

but in the end it leads to death.”


YashaYahu / Isaiah 53  THE PASSOVER LAMB

“Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of Yahuah been revealed?  He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground.  He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to Him, nothing in His appearance that we should desire Him.  He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering.  Like one from whom men hide their faces He was despised, and we esteemed Him not.

Surely He took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered Him stricken by Alahim, smitten by Him, and afflicted. 

But He was pierced for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His wounds we are healed.  We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and Yahuah has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so He did not open his mouth.  By oppression and judgment He was taken away.  And who can speak of his descendants?  For He was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of My people He was stricken.    He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in His death, though He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth.

Yet it was Yahuah will to bruise Him and cause Him to suffer, and though Yahuah makes His life a guilt offering, He will see His offspring and prolong His days, and the will of Yahuah will prosper in His hand.  After the suffering of His being, He will see the light [of life] and be satisfied; by His knowledge my righteous Servant will justify many, and He will bear their iniquities.  Therefore I will give Him a portion among the great, and He will divide the spoils with the strong, because He poured out His life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors.  For He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”


Ps 22:31  The Lamb on the stake

My Al, my Al, (Ali, Ali) why have you forsaken me? Why are You so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

O my Al, I cry in the daytime, but you hear not; and in the night season, and am not silent.

But you are qodesh,  You that inhabits the praises of Yisharal.

Our fathers trusted in you: they trusted, and you delivered them.

They cried to you, and were delivered: they trusted in you, and were not confounded.

But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head saying,

He trusted on Yahuah that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.


Matt 27:42-43:  “He saved others; Himself he cannot save.  If he be the King of Yisharal, let Him now come down from the (stauros), and we will believe Him.  He trusted in Alahim; let him deliver him now, if He will have him: for He said, I am the Son of God”


But you are He that took me out of the womb: you made me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.

I was cast upon You from the womb:  You are my Alahim from my mother's belly.

Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.

Many bulls have surrounded me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.

They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.

I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaves to my jaws; and You hast brought me into the dust of death.

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.

They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.

But be not far from me, Yahuah: O my strength, haste to help me. Deliver my being from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.

Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.

I will declare Your Name to my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise You.

You that fear Yahuah, praise him; all ye the seed of YaAqob, esteem Him; and fear Him, all you the seed of Yisharal.

For he has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither has He hid His face from Him; but when He cried unto Him, He heard.

My praise shall be of You in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear Him.

The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise Yahuah that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.

All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to Yahuah: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before You.

For the kingdom is Yahuah’s: and He is the governor among the nations.

All they that be fat upon Earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to Yahuah for a generation.

They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness to a people that shall be born, that he has done this.”  

What we do to observe Passover 

Our family has a special meal with shish-ka-bob lamb meat, matsah crackers, parsley, and horseradish included.  We read Shemoth / Exodus (ideally chapters 5 through 16), which is all the haggadah anyone should ever need. The minimum texts a family should read would be chapters 12 and 13.


Then, we read the account of Mt. 26 & 27, which describes the Pesak observance of Yahusha with His talmidim.  It also provides the account of His arrest and death - which Pesak points to, since Yahusha is the Lamb of Yahuah. He is our Passover.

BYNV and other books: