Seminar Notes


How Must We Live?  (Greco-Roman terms restored to Hebrew in parentheses)

2 Cor 5:6-10

“Therefore we are always confident and know that as long as we are at home in the body we are away from (the Sovereign).  We live by faith, not by sight.  We are confident, I say, and would prefer to be away from the body and at home with (the Sovereign).   So we make it our goal to please Him, whether we are at home in the body or away from it.  For we must all appear before the judgment seat of (Mashiach), that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.”

2 Peter 1:20

“Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation.  For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from (Elohim) as they were carried along by the (Ruach haQodesh).

2 Peter 2

2:1 But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign (Master) who bought them-bringing swift destruction on themselves.  Many will follow their shameful ways and will bring the way of truth into disrepute.  In their greed these teachers will exploit you with stories they have made up.  Their condemnation has long been hanging over them, and their destruction has not been sleeping.

For if (Elohim) did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to (Tartaros), putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgment;  if he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its (unpious) people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others;  if he condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah by burning them to ashes, and made them an example of what is going to happen to the (unpious);  and if he rescued Lot, a righteous man, who was distressed by the filthy lives of lawless men (for that righteous man, living among them day after day, was tormented in his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he saw and heard)-  if this is so, then (Yahuah) knows how to rescue (pious) men from trials and to hold the unrighteous for the day of judgment, while continuing their punishment.   This is especially true of those who follow the corrupt desire of the sinful nature and despise authority.

Bold and arrogant, these men are not afraid to slander celestial beings;  yet even angels, although they are stronger and more powerful, do not bring slanderous accusations against such beings in the presence of (Yahuah). But these men blaspheme in matters they do not understand.  They are like brute beasts, creatures of instinct, born only to be caught and destroyed, and like beasts they too will perish.

They will be paid back with harm for the harm they have done.  Their idea of pleasure is to carouse in broad daylight.  They are blots and blemishes, reveling in their pleasures while they feast with you.   With eyes full of adultery, they never stop sinning; they seduce the unstable; they are experts in greed-an accursed brood!  They have left the straight way and wandered off to follow the way of Balaam son of Beor, who loved the wages of wickedness.  But he was rebuked for his wrongdoing by a donkey-  a beast without speech-  who spoke with a man's voice and restrained the prophet's madness.

These men are springs without water and mists driven by a storm.  Blackest darkness is reserved for them.  For they mouth empty, boastful words and, by appealing to the lustful desires of sinful human nature, they entice people who are just escaping from those who live in error.  They promise them freedom, while they themselves are slaves of depravity-  for a man is a slave to whatever has mastered him.  If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our (Sovereign) and Savior (Yahusha ha’Mashiach) and are again entangled in it and overcome, they are worse off at the end than they were at the beginning.  It would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than to have known it and then to turn their backs on the (set-apart) command that was passed on to them.  Of them the proverbs are true:  "A dog returns to its vomit," and,  "A sow that is washed goes back to her wallowing in the mud."

2 Peter 3

“Dear friends, this is now my second letter to you.  I have written both of them as reminders to stimulate you to wholesome thinking.  I want you to recall the words spoken in the past by the (set-apart) prophets and the command given by our (Sovereign) and Savior through your apostles.

First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires.  They will say, "Where is this 'coming' he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation."  But they deliberately forget that long ago by (Elohim’s) word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water.  By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed.  By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of (unpious) men.

But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the (Master) a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.  The (Master) is not slow in keeping His promise, as some understand slowness.  He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

But the day of (Yahuah) will come like a thief.  The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare. 

Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of (Elohim) and speed its coming.  That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat.  But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness.

“So then, dear friends, since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with him.  Bear in mind that our (Sovereign’s) patience means salvation, just as our dear brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that (Elohim) gave him.  He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters.  His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction.

Therefore, dear friends, since you already know this, be on your guard so that you may not be carried away by the error of lawless men and fall from your secure position.  But grow in the (chasid) and knowledge of our (Sovereign) and Savior (Yahusha ha’Mashiach). To Him be (esteem) both now and forever! Amen.”



Rev 12:17

“Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring-

those who obey (Elohim’s) commandments

and hold to the testimony of (Yahusha).”

Rev 14:12

“This calls for patient endurance on the part of the saints who obey (Elohim’s) commandments

and remain faithful to (Yahusha).”

The two "camps" are:

Camp #1:  Those who "believe", but set-aside certain Commandments (particularly Sabbaths, eating clean food) and;

Camp #2:  Those who believe AND obey the commanded Sabbaths, and the forsaking of Pagan elements that encroached into the true faith within a few centuries after Yahusha came to us.  These believers would want to also obey by:

restoring the original Sabbath,

restoring the true, authentic Name of the One they serve, and

exposing the Pagan elements found in Christianity.

Any combination of these three are considered "toxic faith" and "legalism" to those of the "believe-only" camp.  Many believe Yahusha saved them from the Torah that defines sin, and then gave “sacraments” through which they could obtain “grace”.  Believing yet not obeying means we have something in common with the adversary  -  because:


SATAN IS A BELIEVER TOO  -  and is definitely involved in teaching

James 2:18-20

“But someone will say, ‘You have faith;  I have deeds.’

Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do.  You believe that there is one (Elohim). Good!

Even the demons believe that --   and shudder .


You foolish man, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is useless?”

James 2:20  NAS:

“But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless?”


2 Cor 11:13-15

“For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of (Mashiach). And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light.  It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness.

Their end will be what their actions deserve.”


How must we live to gain eternal life?


The "Way" Changed by design

Dan 7:24-27

“And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.

And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it to the end.

And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.”


Times and Laws as defined from the Hebrew words above:


LAWS:  #1881  DATH:  law, decree, regulation

TIMES:  #2165  ZEMANIN:  appointed times


THE CHANGE:  Abolished Torah, and replaced Yahuah’s appointed times with formerly Pagan “times”, or “times of the Gentiles”.

The Pagans at Galatia were converted, yet they still had "special days" and other Pagan customs calling them back like a dog returning to what it had vomited:

"Formerly, when you did not know (Elohim), you were slaves to those who by nature are not (elohim).  But now that you know (Elohim)-or rather are known by (Elohim)-how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable principles?  Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?  You are observing special days and months and seasons and years!  I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you."  Gal 4:8-11



Sun-day  -  Christmas  -  Lent/Easter  -  All Saints Day


Catholic redemption is based on the SEVEN “SACRAMENTS”, dispensing
“grace” through the mediatorship of the Catholic priesthood.


Deut 4:1-2

“Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of (Yahuah) your (Elohim) that I give you.”


Deut 12:32

“See that you do all I command you; do not add to it or take away from it.”



And changed the day of rest from the 7th day to the 1st day of the week?

And stopped the observance of Passover, Unleavened Bread, Shabuoth, Yom Teruah, Yom Kaphar, and Sukkoth . . .

And instead adapted the previous Pagan observances of Sun-day, Easter, and Saturnalia (now called “Christmas”).


The manna lesson was all about teaching Israel to remember the Sabbath. 

The Sabbath had been forgotten by Israel while in Mitsrayim (Egypt). 

Now, the Roman world has forgotten it again.



The Sabbath is the sign of the everlasting Covenant with Israel  -  the bond of the Covenant rests upon the Sabbath observance, a remembrance of Creation itself.

Christmas is not the sign of the Covenant, neither is Sun-day.

The Sabbath is spoken of eschatologically by Yahusha at Mt. 24:20 at the end of this short list of verses:

Ex 31:13   "Say to the Israelites, 'You must observe My Sabbaths. This will be a sign between Me and you for the generations to come, so you may know that I am (Yahuah), who makes you (qodesh)."

Ex 31:16-17   "The Israelites are to observe the Sabbath, celebrating it for the generations to come as a lasting covenant.  It will be a sign between Me and the Israelites forever, for in six days (Yahuah) made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he abstained from work and rested.'"

Heb 4:4-6   "For somewhere He has spoken about the seventh day in these words: 'And on the seventh day (Yahuah) rested from all His work.'   And again in the passage above He says, 'They shall never enter my rest.'   It still remains that some will enter that rest, and those who formerly had the (besorah) preached to them did not go in, because of their disobedience."

Heb 4:9-11:  "There remains, then, a Sabbath for the people of (Elohim);  for anyone who enters (Elohim's) rest also rests from his own work, just as (Elohim) did from His.  Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will fall by following their example of disobedience."

Ezek 20:12   "Also I gave them My Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I (Yahuah) made them (qodesh)."

Ezek 20:20:  "Keep My Sabbaths (qodesh), that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am (Yahuah) your (Elohim)."

Matt 24:20:   "Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath."


We also find that in the world-to-come the Sabbath is the sign or mark (also see Is. 66), and how important it is in deciding who comes to Yahuah and who does not:

Isa 56:6-7:  "And foreigners who bind themselves to (Yahuah) to serve Him, to love the Name of (Yahuah), and to worship Him,
all who keep the Sabbath without desecrating it and who hold fast to My Covenant--
these I will bring to My (qodesh) mountain and give them joy in My house of prayer."

So, it would appear that keeping and teaching this Truth would only upset other people, placing a "mark" on us.  Those who ignore the Sabbath

can "buy and sell", but we who observe the Sabbath may not buy and sell, so we have not received the mark of the beast (Rev. 13).

Having a Covenant with Yahuah involves having the “sign” of the Covenant,

The Sabbath. 


(Yahusha) answered, "It is written: 'Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of (Elohim).'"   Matt 4:4

“Remember how (Yahuah) your (Elohim) led you all the way in the desert these forty years, to humble you and to test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep His Commands.  He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every Word that comes from the mouth of (Yahuah).”   Deut 8:2-4


Word  =  Commandments (TORAH, instructions), The Covenant!


Yahusha is the Mediator of the Covenant, not any man, pope, priest, or organization.   Yahusha fixes our hearts, making our “hard heartedness” and rebellion dissipate, giving us His perspectives toward His Commandments.

He writes them on the tablet of our heart, as He formerly wrote them on stone.


Mediator:  from L. medius "middle".

1.     One that mediates, especially one that reconciles differences between disputants. 

2.     One that works to effect reconciliation, settlement.




advocate, arbiter, arbitrator, broker, conciliator, fixer, go-between, interagent, interceder, intermediary, intermediator, judge, medium, middleman, moderator, negotiator, peacemaker, ref, referee, rent-a-judge, troubleshooter, umpire


“And by this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His Commandments.  The one who says, "I have come to know Him," and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him;  but whoever keeps His Word, in him the love of (Elohim) has truly been perfected. 

By this we know that we are in Him:  the one who says he abides in Him ought himself to walk in the same manner as He walked.


Beloved, I am not writing a new Commandment to you, but an old Commandment which you have had from the beginning; the old Commandment is the Word which you have heard.”   1 John 2:3-7





Sabbath, Passover, Unleavened Bread, Shabuoth, Yom Teruah, Yom Kaphar, Sukkoth


Under ordinary circumstances, states Canon #867, parents are to see to the Baptisms of their infants within the first few weeks: "As soon as possible after birth, even before it, they are to approach the parish priest to ask for the sacrament for their child.


Greek, “thanksgiving”



What happened to CONFESSION?  The lines of penitents waiting to enter the confessional on Saturday afternoon seem to have disappeared.

Have Catholics simply stopped going to confession?



Holy Orders

Anointing of the Sick





Matt 19:16-22

“Now a man came up to (Yahusha) and asked, ‘Rabbi, what good thing must I do to get eternal life ?’

‘Why do you ask me about what is good?’  (Yahusha) replied. ‘There is only One who is good.  If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.’

‘Which ones?’  the man inquired.

(Yahusha) replied, 'Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony,  honor your father and mother,' and 'love your neighbor as yourself.'"

‘All these I have kept,’ the young man said. ‘What do I still lack?’

(Yahusha) answered, ‘If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven.  Then come, follow me.’

When the young man heard this, he went away sad, because he had great wealth.”

Scripture tells us we are the servant of the one whom we obey.  People intend to worship the Creator, yet they are tricked into performing that worship in a false way.  Yahusha described false worship as a broad road that leads to destruction, and it is cheered-on by messengers, masquerading as workers of righteousness.  We are warned of the false teachings by false teachers.  From the point-of-view of the flesh, we look upon our "intentions".  An example is the intention of the Israelites when they made the golden calf.  They intended it to honor Yahuah, the text says so.  But, it was according to a Pagan format, learned previously in Egypt.  3000 died that day.  If we perform the teachings of Jezebel (Rev. 2:20-23), our intentions (point-of-view) will not make what is Pagan acceptable.

We are the servants of the one we OBEY.  If we obey traditions of men, or worse, satan, then we serve that entity. 

Matt 28:18-20:

"All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me.

Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the (Ruach haQodesh), 

and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.

And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."



Yahusha ha’Mashiach


“Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men,

by which we must be saved.”   Acts 4:12



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